Japanese Lesson 1 – 5

Japanese Lesson 1 - 5

 

Japanese Lesson 1- Introduction   clickhere_blue25

Good Morning – Ohayou おはよう (casual) gozaimasu ございます (formal)
Good Afternoon – Konnichiwa こんにちわ
Good Evening – Konbanwa こんばんわ
Goodbye – Sayounara さようなら
Goodnight – Oyasumi nasai お休み なさい
Thank You – Arigatou ありがとう (casual) gozaimasu (formal)
Excuse me, I’m sorry – Sumimasen すみません
How do you do (nice to meet you) – Hajimemashite はじめまして, dozo yoroshiku どぞ よろしく

 

Japanese Lesson 2 – Counting Numbers 1 – 100   clickhere_green25

1 = ichi イチ                                       2 = ni
3 = san さん                                       4 = yon よん / shi
5 = go 五                                             6 = roku ロク
7 = nana / shichi                        8 = hachi 8
9 = kyuu 急                                       10 = jyuu
11 = jyuu-ichi                                  12 = jyuu-ni
……
20 = ni-jyuu                                      30 = san-jyuu
40 = yon-jyuu                                  

……
100 = hyaku

 

Japanese Lesson 3 – Days of the Week and Days of the Month   clickhere_orange25

1st tsuitachi ついたち 1日                  2nd futsuka ふつか 2日
3rd mikka みっか                                    4th yokka よっか
5th itsuka いつか                                    6th muika むいか
7th nanok                                                   8th youka
9th kokonoka                                          10th tooka
14th jyuu-yokka                                     20th hatsuka
24th ni-jyuu-yokka

Monday = Getsuyoubi 月曜日                     Tuesday = Kayoubi 火曜日
Wednesday = Suiyoubi 水曜日                    Thursday = Mokuyoubi 木曜日
Friday = Kinyoubi 金曜日                               Saturday = Doyoubi 土曜日
Sunday = Nichiyoubi 日曜日

January ichigatsu 一月                                   February nigatsu 二月
March sangatsu 三月                                      April shigatsu 四月
May gogatsu 五月                                            June rokugatsu 六月
July shichigatsu 七月                                      August hachigatsu 八月
September kugatsu 九月                              October juugatsu 十月
November juuichigatsu 十一月                 December juunigatsu 十二月

 

Days Of The Month, In Hiragana (with sound)  clickhere_red25

Calendar (with sound)   clickhere_blue25

 

Japanese Lesson 4 – Going to a Destination   clickhere_red25

Ikimasu = to go
Place + ni + ikimasu/ikimasen

Ikimasen = (negative) to go
Ikimashita = (past) to go
Ikimasen deshita = (past negative) to go
iie, ikimasen deshita

depato = department store
shigoto = work/office
shigoto ni ikimasu ka?

pati = party
pati ni ikimasu ka?

eki = station

kyou = today                            kino = yesterday
ashita = tomorrow                 ashita depato ni ikimasu
ashita Japan Society ni ikimasu

asatte = day after tomorrow             ototoi = day before yesterday
ototoi depato ni ikimashita ka?

hai = yes
iie = no

 

Japanese Lesson 5 – 4 Verbs (Nomimasu, Tabemasu, Mimasu, Kikimasu)   clickhere_blue25

nomimasu = to drink
nomimasen = present negative
nomimashita = past affirmative
nomimasen deshita = past negative

tabemasu = to eat
tabemasen = present negative
tabemashita = past affirmative
tabemasen deshita = past negative

mimasu = to see, to watch

kikimasu = to hear, to listen
kikimasen = present negative
kikimashita = to hear past tense
kikimasen deshita = past negative

nani = what

ashita = tomorrow       kyou = today
kino = yesterday

eiga = movie
ashit eiga o mimasu

kohi = coffee                            suteki = steak
suteki o tabemasu (o particle)

ringo = apple                           ringo o tabemashita

rajio = radio
nihon no ongaku = japanese music
nihon no ongaku o kikimashita

terebi = tv
ashita nani o mimasu ka?
terebi replaced with nani
kino nani o tabemashita ka?

miruku = milk                miruku o nominasu

wain = wine                   wain o nomimasu

kapukekki = cupcake
kino kappukeki o tabemashita

ka = used at end of sentence to form question
o = particle used after object
hai = yes
iie = no

Sentence structure:

time + object + o + verb
time + nani + o + verb + ka (to ask what someone is eating, drinking, listening to, watching)